Public Transportation Planing 

Public transportation currently plays a key role in Portland's future sustainability - economic, environmental and social equity - and is poised to play an even greater role.  Some of our most recent transit planning and coordinated initiatives are described below.

More information on public transit routes and schedules for Portland and the region's transit providers can be found in the Greater Portland Transit Guide and Map

Portland-Peaks Island Ferry Landside Operation Study (2020)

In September 2019 the City of Portland, in collaboration with Casco Bay Lines, began work on the Peaks Island Ferry Landside Operations Study.  The study examined infrastructure in the vicinity of the Peaks Island ferry landing and the potential effects of existing and future trends in ridership and use.  The study’s goal was to find opportunities to improve the accessibility, safety, and efficiency of the Peaks Island landing and develop a menu of strategies that address issues identified over the course of the study.

The study consisted of three phases: 

•    Phase 1 looked at existing passenger, vehicle, and freight use of the Peaks Island ferry and the infrastructure serving it. Data was collected on Peaks Island in advance of and during the busy Labor Day Weekend in 2019 and past data collection efforts were reviewed.  

•    Phase 2 looked at trends in levels of passengers, vehicles, and freight as well as the potential influences of vessel capacity and the growth in activity on Peaks Island and projected the impacts of future demand. 

•    Phase 3 developed recommendations through additional analysis and public involvement, including a survey and a public meeting. The presentation from the meeting can be found here.  The recording of the meeting can be found here.  A summary of comments, questions and polling results during the meeting can be found here.   

Ultimately, the study culminated in a final report, completed in the summer of 2021. 

Portland Hub Link Study (2016)


In collaboration with local and regional transportation providers, the city explored options and opportunities to more effectively link major transportation centers and downtown with an express bus service. The study used four key objectives to assess potential route alternatives:

  • Connectivity: Effectively linking Portland's major transportation hubs to facilitate multi-modal connections
  • Mobility: Contributing to the overall mobility of the region by complementing existing and planned transit services
  • Economic Development: Supporting access to key activity centers and development districts
  • Cost Effectiveness: Making the most of available funding sources
The study recommends a new service that uses Congress St (and Park Avenue for a short section) to Franklin Street to connect to the METRO Pulse and the Casco Bay Ferry Terminal/Ocean Gateway.
RecommendI-B_Portland Hub Link Feasibility Study FINAL REPORT - May2016
METRO adjusted the Routes 1 and 5 in 2015 to improve service to the PTC from downtown (Route 1) and service to the Jetport/Maine Mall (Route 5).

The Thompson’s Point Transit Tax Increment Financing district was instituted as part of the approval of the development project. The TIF dedicates a portion of new property taxes generated by the development over time to funding increased transit service and other complementary improvements.

Bayside Transportation Master Plan (2016)


Rethinking transit service/routes and its supporting infrastructure like bus stops was a key 'focus area' within the  Bayside Transportation Master Plan. It recommends short and longer term modifications to services and bus stops. The 'Bayside Vision' (2000) envisioned Bayside as a transit-oriented neighborhood in terms of its built environment and public transportation opportunities.


Peninsula Transit Study (2009)


The Portland Peninsula Transit Study was initiated to develop effective alternative transportation solutions that will maintain and enhance the livability of the Portland Peninsula including:
  • Public transportation improvements
  • Bicycle and pedestrian facilities improvements
  • Transportation demand management strategies
  • Transportation pricing strategies.
  • Changes to land use and development requirements
The city has implemented a number of recommendations from the study including:

  • “Fee In-Lieu of Parking” ordinance
  • Transportation Demand Management requirements, standards and application tools
  • Expanded bike parking with bike parking requirements for private development
  • Design of Phase I of the Congress Street Bus Priority Corridor project.

Congress Street Bus Priority Study (2013)


An outgrowth of the Peninsula Transit Study, the Congress Street Bus Priority Corridor Study recommends strategies and modifications to Congress Street to reduce the delay to buses and increase the accessibility to and comfort at bus stops, thus making transit a more efficient and more appealing transportation option.

The City and METRO have implemented a number of items to date:

  • Placing the signals at Brown and Casco Streets in flash mode to reduce delays
  • Constructing the in-line bus stop and installation of a bus shelter at Two Monument Square
  • Design and bid for Phase I construction (to be constructed in 2017).

Bayside Transportation Master Plan (2016)


Rethinking transit service/routes and its supporting infrastructure like bus stops was a key 'focus area' within the  Bayside Transportation Master Plan. It recommends short and longer term modifications to services and bus stops. The 'Bayside Vision' (2000) envisioned Bayside as a transit-oriented neighborhood in terms of its built environment and public transportation opportunities.